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Acknowledgements

Peter Barton provided us with many of these definitions - thanks Peter

introduction

Jump to     A     B    C     D    E    F     G    H     I    J    K     L    M

                  N    O    P     Q    R     S    T    U     V    W     X    Y    Z

 

A   

 Aftersherood ( p5 ) - aft shrouds

B   

Barque - A small 3-masted sailing vessel having fore and main masts square-rigged, and the mizzen ( back ) mast fore and aft rigged

Bobstay ( p43,44 ) - Rope holding bowsprit down

Boom - Spar running along the foot of a sail to give firmer control of its shape.

Bowsprit - Pole running more or less horizontally from the ship's bow, carrying the jibs.

Bulwarks - Walls formed by the sides of the ship, rising above the deck.

C   

Cap ( p13 ,46 ) - Doubly pierced block for lengthening mast by extra spar.

Carloes ( p26 ) - Calves

Carvel ( As in Registration Certificate) - Method of construction in which ship's planking is laid edge to edge giving a smooth surface

Clipper -

D   

 Dead-eye - Round, laterally-flattened block of wood, pierced with holes through which a lanyard is reefed. Used to keep shrouds taut.

E

F   

 Flying Jibboom - Boom of the flying jib

Foreyard - Lowest yard on foremast

Furled - Rolled or folded up a sail on the yard or boom

G   

 Gaff or Gaph - Spar from which upper edge of a fore and aft sail is suspended

Gipseys (p38 ) - Gypsy - part of an anchor/windlass, taking each link as it comes aboard and passing it down to the chain locker

H   

 Haliards ( p8) - Halyard or Halliard – rope for raising or lowering sail or yard

Holey-stoning ( p35 ) - Cleaning the deck with a piece of soft white sandstone

I   

J

 Jib ( Flying, Outer, Inner ) - Triangular sails set forward of forestaysail

K   

 Knotting and balling ropeyarns ( p20 )- Making spunyarn

L   

 Leeward - side of ship away from wind

M   

 Martingirl ( p44 ) - Martingale - rope for guying down jibboom

N   

O

P   

 Poopdeck - smallest, aftermost deck

Q   

R   

Rattling down the rigging - Fitting ratlines to the shrouds to provide rungs for climbing rigging

Reef'd - When a sail's area is reduced by gathering sections with ties or reef points

Rigging Shearbottoms - Sheerbatten ? Wood or iron bar lashed across the shrouds just above the deck to prevent shrouds twisting

Round house - Cabin or apartment built in the after part of the quarter deck, having the poop for its roof

S   

 Sham Quarter Galleries ( as in Registration Certificate ) - Fake walks outside living quarters, for show

 

Sheroods (p18,40 ) - Shrouds ? - set of ropes forming part of standing rigging and supporting mast or topmast

Ship - a sailing ship with 3 or more square rigged masts

Spining Foxes ( p20 ) - Spunyarn + line formed of rope-yarns twisted together

Spritzel Yard ( pl2 )

Square Rigged - sails set suspended from horizontal yards

Stays - Ropes forming fore and aft supports of mast

Stroping Blocks ( p34 ) - Fitting a loop of rope to a pulley block

Studding Sails - small sails on either side of all the square sails

T

 Troysail ( p45 ) - Trysail ? - Small fore and aft sail set with gaff in heavy weather on fore or main sail instead of main sail or foresail

U   

 Unbent ( a sail) - Unfastened sail from its yard

V   

W   

Whampoa - port on an island 9 miles SE of Guangzhou ( aka Canton ) on the Pearl River

Windward - Opposite to leeward

X   

Y   

 Yard - Cylindrical spar tapering to each end, slung horizontally ( Square Yard ) across mast to support sail

Yardarms - either end of the yard

Z